Authors: Yesmin T, Thwin S.S, Afrin S, War M.M,Z Fazlin
Abstract: Facial analysis is useful anthropologically to identify the racial, ethnical and sexual differences. The present study was done to see the sex difference and variation of facial index among the adults Malay. Cross sectional descriptive type of study was done in Anatomy department in UniKl RCMP which was performed on 81 Malay adults (40 male, 41 female) aged 19-40 years. To measured the morphological parameters (facial height, facial width and facial index) digital slide calliper and scale were used .There were significant differences found in all facial parameters of male compared with the female. The mean morphological facial height was 111.9 ±8.4 and morphological facial width was 127.3 ±8.0.The mean facial index was 90.85±8.38 for male and 85.86±5.69 for female. The total facial index was calculated according to the formula and the results obtained were analyzed statistically using the t-test which was statistically significant (0.003). The dominant phenotype in Malay population was mesoprosopic or round face (45%) and least common face type was Hyperleptoprosopic or very long face (5%). There were significant variations in the face index between Malay male and female, further study with large samples size in different races in Malaysia is recommended.
Keywords: Facial height, facial width, facial index, Sex