Authors: Yushu Liang
The Tengger desert is an arid natural region that covers about 36,700 km2 and is mostly in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in China. Since its arid natural landscape, the vernacular architecture in the marginal region of the desert are mostly rammed earth buildings. My research is primarily about a comparison between the cases from two communities around the edge of the Tengger desert. These two communities are in the same unique topography and ecological environment, however, the vernacular architecture, which are characterized by the different historical background, nationalities and means of livelihood, shows different features. My research was based on a field work about vernacular building, in the form of oral and questionnaire surveys among villagers and recorded major vernacular buildings. And my study intends to turn documentation into interpretation, and gain insight into existing differences of cultural identities between nomad and settlement.
Keywords: rammed earth building, cultural difference, settlement, vernacular architecture, arid natural landscape