Authors: Jingjing Shen
Realizing the urgency of contextualizing localized Chinese histories in a transnational context, this paper attempts to analyze the latest thrusts of Chinese organizational development in Sydney through a model of ethnic capital conversion. National ideologies such as multiculturalism and pan-Chinese nationalism are perceived as broad political opportunity structures, against which the overseas Chinese seek to maximize their self-interest through a strategic conversion of ethnic Chinese capital to and from other forms of social, economic and political capitals. At the organizational level, this is reflected in the robust development of service organizations and new locality organizations in the late 1980s in Sydney, as well as the different types of strategies they adopt to negotiate with multiple political powers and ensure the best possible outcome for their survival and development in the diasporic space.
Keywords: Chinese community organization, ethnic capital, modernization, transnationalism