Authors: Martins, Sabrina Bridi Marcondes and Mattos, Rodrigo Rinaldi de
In recent years we have observed a process of change in the concept of urban mobility. Today there is a greater appreciation of the journeys on foot or by bicycle, and a bigger concern of the need for investments to improve public transportation as well. This is one reason why some cities in the world are rethinking the use of public space and trying to give back to the population areas that have been degraded and abandoned by the government, considering demolishing some viaducts. Thus, it can be said that the demolition of the Perimetral Viaduct, in the Port Zone of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), has been a milestone in the history of national urbanism. So it is possible to assume that, depending on the results achieved in the aforementioned area, other parts of the city that have the same characteristics and that have been affected by the construction of a viaduct can also be included in a range of issues and, therefore, call for studies and urban interventions. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate what makes a good or a poor neighborhood to its residents, ie, check whether the presence or absence of a viaduct is key to measure the quality of the urban space by its immediate vicinity. As a case study we opted for the Paulo de Frontin Viaduct, located in the neighborhood of Rio Comprido, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Methodologically, this research has parts of theoretical nature, where it sought to analyze the origin of the urban chaos and the history of the neighborhood concerned, and a part that focuses primarily on the results of interviews with residents and former residents of Rio Comprido. The conclusion is that the presence or absence of a viaduct is less relevant for the quality of the space than it is supposed, and a viaduct is not decisive in itself to determine either depreciation or degradation of an existing neighborhood, but it may be deemed an aggravating factor. This observation further reinforces the importance of popular participation in city decisions, since they are the real users.
Keywords: Rio de Janeiro, Rio Comprido, viaduct, naturalization, quality of urban space