Authors: Osama A. Osman, Sherif Ishak, and Mengqiu Ye
Distracted driving has long been acknowledged as one of the main contributors to crashes in the US. According to past studies, driving behavior proved to be influenced by the socioeconomic characteristics of drivers. However, only few studies attempted to quantify that influence. The study proposed a Crash Risk Index to estimate the crash risk associated with the socioeconomic characteristics of drivers and their tendency to experience distracted driving. The analysis is conducted using data from the SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS). The proposed Crash Risk Index (CRI) is developed based on a grading system of three measures: the crash risk associated with performing secondary tasks during driving, the effect of socioeconomic attributes (e.g. Age) on the likelihood of engagement in secondary tasks, and the effect of specific categories within each socioeconomic attribute (e.g. Age>60) on the likelihood of engagement in secondary tasks. Logistic Regression analysis was performed on the secondary tasks, socioeconomic attributes, and the specific socioeconomic characteristics. The results identified the significant secondary tasks with high crash risk and the socioeconomic characteristics with significant effect on determining drivers’ involvement in secondary tasks among each tested parameter. These results were used to quantify the grading system measures and hence estimate the proposed CRI. This index indicates the relative crash risk associated with the socioeconomic characteristics of drivers and considering the possibility of engagement in secondary tasks. The proposed CRI and the associated grading system are plausible methods for estimating auto insurance premiums.
Keywords: component; Distracted Driving; Crash Risk; Socioeconomic Characteristics; Secondary Tasks