Authors: Gubara Said Hassan
The theme of post-conflict reconstruction is currently one of the most significant and relevant policy issues in the world with major experiences underway in, for instance, Afghanistan, Iraq, former Yugoslavia and South Sudan. In this paper, which focuses on the conflict in Darfur region, post-conflict reconstruction is understood as a complex system that provides for simultaneous short-, medium-, and long-term programs to prevent disputes from escalating, avoid relapse into further violent conflict, and to build and consolidate sustainable peace and development. The grave nature of Darfurian conflict has catalyzed attention on the multiple needs and challenges of the reconstruction or rebuilding process. Furthermore, the longed-for termination of the conflict does not necessarily mean the end of the humanitarian crises and problems associated with and resulting from it. The transition process from war to peace entails not only overcoming the structural causes that originally sparked the fighting, but also mitigating the ongoing conflict and dealing with its multi-faceted consequences and legacies. As the paper indicates, these consequences define the basic needs and fundamental challenges of the post-conflict process of reconstruction in Darfur region. The paper concludes by emphasizing that the achievement of the sublime objectives of lasting peace and sustainable development in the conflict-stricken Darfur region entails the commitment and collaboration of not only the warring parties but also regional and international organizations, institutions, agencies and actors, both governmental and non-governmental or state and non-state.
Keywords: Darfur region; post-conflict reconstruction; needs; challenges