DOI: 10.5176/2251-3833_GHC16.64

Authors: Amel Dawod Kamel Goudia, Abeer Saad Eswi, Azza Ali Abd El hamid, Soumaya Mohamed Hassan

Abstract: Background: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis is one of the most common causes of vaginal infection and, remains a significant problem among female. It is associated with considerable morbidity and healthcare cost worldwide. Aim of the current study has two folds: 1)to assess the knowledge of female university students about Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, and 2) to examine the effect of instructional program on knowledge regarding Vulvovaginal Candidiasis among female university students. Subject and methods:A quasi-experimental design "time-series" was utilized to achieve the aim of current study. A total of 100 female university students were recruited from Cairo University hostel were the female students are residing and selected from non medical Faculty. Two tools were used to collect the data; 1)- Structured Interview Tool and 2)- VVC structured knowledge assessment interviewing tool. three instructional sessions per week for each group, and one day interval between each session were done. Results: Finding of the study revealed, the average age of the participant ranged between 18-23 years old with a mean of 20.18± 1.19 year. Approximately three quarter of the female university student fell in age class 20-24 years while; low percentage of them fell in the age class >20 years. Regarding to their residence, 63 {6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465} of the sample were residing rural areas, while 37{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465}of them residing in urban areas. In relation to the faculties included in the study, 41 {6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465} from Faculty of Dar El-ulum while only, 5{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465} of them were from Faculty of Commerce. The total mean knowledge score of (VVC) was 18.87 ± 7.83 out of /85 in the pretest; which indicated poor knowledge level and 81.20 ± 5.01 in posttest after two weeks from instruction program; which indicated good knowledge level that remain good knowledge in the post test ( 2) with a mean of 74.35± 6.68 after eight weeks from instruction program, and 62.85 ± 6.89 in the post test (3) after 12 weeks from weeks from instruction program; which indicated satisfactory knowledge level with high statistical significant differences (P = 0.001). Conclusion:The instructional program have positive effect on knowledge regarding Vulvovaginal Candidiasis among female university students. Recommendations: Provide female university students with continuous educational programs with evidence based guidelines to improve their knowledge related to VVC and it prevention, and periodic health assessment & health education needs assessment for female university students

Keywords: knowledge assessment. Instructional Program, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, Female University Students

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