Authors: Kyoko Osaka, Yuko Yasuhara, Tetsuya Tanioka, Rozzano Locsin
Empathic understanding in human-robot communication has continued to stimulate essential interests in the development of humanoid nurse robots. What realities exist in communicating human caring in nursing, emphasizing engagements in practice within the realities of human care? Critical parameters toward advancing the technological competency of the nurse-robot within the certainties of human nurse-caring perspective are expected. Empathic understanding provides the incentive to design and develop nurse-robot human caring technologies within caring science. In nursing, often used as a synonym of caring are the terms compassion and sympathy. The concept of empathic understanding was drawn from non-nursing disciplines, i.e. psychology, so empathy as used in nursing needs clarification, more so because of interests in human-robot caring practice. In the future, interdisciplinary collaborative research is necessary. Human-robot nurse caring, to be of value to human health, require empathic connections between the patient and nurse-robot. Moreover, a trusting relationship between the patient, nurse, and robot is critically indispensable.
Keywords: empathic understanding, nursing, nurse-robot, communication, caring