Authors: Satish Pipralia, Ashwani Kumar, M. F. Jawaid
The city is an amalgamation of the utmost interactions of the built mass (form), open spaces and their spatial organization (layout) in a geographical area to obtain a holistic pattern and environment, generally based on socioeconomic conditions and lifestyle of the inhabitants, nature and character of activities and the available materials and technologies, which consequently shapes the overall form and thus image and identity of the place. The cities commonly have a large number of images based on the selective impressions of related realms of the surrounding forms assimilated by people through exaggeration of certain features and exclusion of the other based on the planning and layout of the various elements of the built forms. This paper attempts to analyze various elements of urban form (i.e. built form and unbuilt spaces) of the walled city of Jaipur which results in the formation image and identity of the city. Jaipur is a medieval city founded in 1727 to accommodate exploding population of Amber city, the capital of erstwhile Dhoondhar kingdom. It is known as Pink City for its predominantly pink/rose and complimentary colour schemes. The city has seen a huge transformation in the culture, life style, socioeconomic condition and technology over the ages, yet it is one of most accessible and functional medieval city in India. The study is based on field surveys and analysis of various literatures to ascertain the elements of urban form and overall planning of the forms, pattern and structure resulting into perception and formation of the image and identity of the walled city. The paper concludes with highlighting the problems and discrepancies in perception of the overall image and form of the city due to the urban growth and development in the present context.
Keywords: City Identity, City Image, Imageability, Medival City, Urban Form