Authors: Akiko Maruyama, Eiko Suzuki
This prospective cohort study seeks to clarify factors affecting burnout in female nurses with preschool-age children. Methods: The subjects were 1,252 female nurses with preschool-age children who work at 24 hospitals with more than 300 beds throughout Japan. The questionnaires were completed by 832 female nurses with preschool-age children in October 2012; these were divided so as to form a cohort to observe the incidence of burnout, which was investigated in October 2013. Results: At the baseline, we obtained responses from 832 subjects (66.5%) who had consented to join the study. Subjects we were able to investigate totaled 528, of which 178 (33.7%) had experienced burnout. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that influencing or predictive factors in burnout were workload, will to continue working, children’s health problems, parental efficacy for care, consultants on work issues, and mental health. Conclusions: Female nurses with preschool-age children in Japan tend to burn out easily if they have very heavy workloads, a desire to quit working, children with health problems, lack of confidence in child-rearing, no consultants on work issues, and/or mental problems.
Keywords: female nurses, burnout, child-rearing, longitudinal study