Authors: Shigeko Shibata, Eiko Suzuki
This study aimed to identify factors related to burnout among home visit nurses in Japan. A questionnaire survey of 1,423 home visit nurses. Items on the questionnaire were Individual factors, work environment, work-life balance, career commitment, communication skills, and burnout(MBI-GS) score. Multiple regression analysis was performed using three subscales of burnout as objective variables. There were 559 valid responses (39.3%). A multiple regression analysis (stepwise) showed that the following factors were related to burnout. It was found that low career commitment, lack of work-life balance due to insufficient arrangements for an attractive working environment (difficulty in taking vacations), and poor communication skills are related to a higher likelihood of burnout among home visit nurses. It was also found that home visit nurses who feel the means of transportation to be a burden, who are ‘poor at management including the schedule management (arrangement)’, and who ‘feel it a burden to visit terminally ill patients’ have a higher likelihood of burnout. At the same time, home visit nurses who ‘feel rewards at the nursing at patient homes’ and who have the confidence to ‘encourage patients (family) to use their abilities’ have a lower likelihood ofburnout.
Keywords: home visit nurses, burnout, factors related to burnout