DOI: 10.5176/2251-3833_GHC15.46

Authors: Qun Wang*, Sek Ying Chair and Eliza Mi-Ling Wong

Abstract:

Background and objectives: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has become a global health challenge due to unhealthy lifestyles. Health-promoting behaviors (HPBs), especially exercise and diet, are recommended as the first-line strategy for MetS management. However, the adherence to these behaviors is challenging. The study was to understand the current levels of HPB among Chinese patients with MetS. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in Chinese patients with MetS. Demographic and MetS related information were collected through physical examinations and questionnaires. The HPBs were measured by a valid instrument of Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP). Results: The study recruited a total of 178 MetS patients, with a mean age of 55.6 years. Although 57.3{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465} of the patients performed a normal level of score in HPLP, the exercise dimension only had a mean score of 2.05 out of 4. Elder patients (≥60 years) reported higher scores in stress management and exercise (all p <0.05). Male patients exercised more than females (p <0.05). Patients with different occupations also had different scores in exercise and overall HPBs (p<0.01). Conclusions: The Chinese MetS patients should improve their behaviors in exercise and healthy diet. Elder patients performed more HPBs. Male patients were more physically active than females. Health promotion programs should be developed to promote the HPBs, especially for females and younger MetS patients Keywords: health promoting behaviors; metabolic syndrome; Chinese adults.

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