Authors: Suresh V. Nadagoudar
The Constitution of India, particularly under Directive Principles of State Policy, provides the basic policy framework for the industrial relations policy of the Government. The preamble of the Constitution promises to secure justice “Social, Economic and Political” to all the citizens. The chapter on fundamental rights guarantee its citizens several rights such as right to freedom of association, rights against exploitation, prohibition of beggar and other similar forms of forced labour and prohibits employment of children below 14 years in any factory or mine. A combined reading of relevant fundamental rights and Directive Principles of State Policy makes it clear that the framers of the Constitution made it obligatory for the state to promote industrial development, peace, harmony and also labour welfarism.
Keywords: Globalisation; Liberalisation; Labour market regulatory laws; National Commission on Labour