DOI: 10.5176/2251-3566_L313.46

Authors: Kanika Agarwal and Dr.Gur Pyari Jandial

Rightfully hailed as lands of freedom, equality, opportunity and justice, countries particularly India and Pakistan have also been criticized as nations born, bred and nurtured in interracial, interethnic, intercultural and interreligious rivalries and conflicts. The well-being and prosperity of one group is often achieved on a foundation of violence and hatred of one community for another. Two separate nations of India and Pakistan were created in 1947 in the wake of much communal violence. The violence between Hindus and Muslims did not end with Partition. The sparks of detestation and brutality were again ignited in the year 1992 with the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya. Communalism has today become one of the most deep-rooted problems in India. Literature is the reflection of life and a mirror to society. Pakistan’s eminent and best known writer, Bapsi Sidhwa is an award winning novelist who had made her mark on international Literatures in English. Bapsi Sidhwa’s novel Ice Candy-Man examines a traumatic tale of Partition, when the elevated ideal of nationalism was converted into communalism, resulting in devastation political absurdities and derailment of social sensibilities. The novel presents a horrifying picture of cruelty, brutality, human loss and dislocation. The ugly face of Partition has been explored in the novel. Talisman Nasrin is a Bangladeshi author and former physician, born on 25 August 1962, in Mymensingh in Bangladesh and has lived in exile since 1994. Nasrin’s novel Lajja (1993) is set in the backdrop of the Babri Masjid demolition saga, back in the year 1992 Lajja is an account of hatred that runs in the veins of religious fanatics and fundamentalists of the Indian sub-continent. The two novelists have shown the trauma of hate and violence and its subsequent outcome.

Hate, Violence, Partition, Communalism, Hindu, Muslim

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