DOI: 10.5176/2315-4330_WNC15.51

Authors: Jane Lee-Hsieh, Yu-Hsiu Kao, Su-Fen Cheng and Ya-Wen Lee

Abstract:

Background: The clinical teaching behaviors (CTB) of nurse preceptors (preceptors) affects how well newly graduated nurses learn when they become new nurses, along with their retention rate, job satisfaction, and successful adjustment to the clinical work environment. Purposes: This study (1) investigates and compares the CTB of preceptor as perceived by preceptors and new nurses; (2) examines the differences in CTB by preceptors’ individual characteristics; and (3) examines the differences in CTB by new nurses’ background. Methods: This descriptive and correlational study used a cross sectional survey of a convenience sample of 290 preceptors and 270 new nurses from five teaching hospitals across Taiwan. Of these, 521 completed questionnaires for an effective response rate of 93.0{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465}. Participants were surveyed using the Clinical Teaching Behaviors Inventory (CTBI) developed by the researchers for data collection. The content validity, construct validity, and reliability of CTBI achieved satisfactory standards. The CTBI consists of 44 clinical teaching behaviors that are ranked on a five point Likert-scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Results: (1) In general, preceptors and new nurses had a mean score of 4.03 (SD=0.44)and 4.28 (SD=0.53)in CTBI respectively, and new nurses perceived scored the preceptors higher than the preceptors scored themselves (t =5.529, p < 0.001). (2) A higher CTB score as perceived by preceptors was associated with the nursing clinical rank, total working experience in years as a nurse, total years as a preceptor, and willingness to be a nurse preceptor. (3) A higher CTB score as perceived by new nurses was associated with willingness to recommend their preceptor. Conclusions / Implications for Practice: This study depicts clinical teaching behavior of nurse preceptors in Taiwan. Clinical educators should recognize the preceptor characteristics that influence CTB to help achieve optimal learning outcomes for new nurses. This study suggests that the preceptor training program should add curriculum related to guidance and support. Keywords: clinical teaching behaviors (CTB); nurse preceptors; new nurses; Taiwan

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