Authors: Architect Luiza Burck, PhD Architect Prof. Mario Kong, and PhD Architect Prof. Pedro Januário
This work was realized during the specialization course in Parametric Paper and Design Architecture at Universidade de Lisboa. It aims to sintetize the aquired knowledge during the course and evaluate the applicability of the origami theory (and of the paper architecture) transposed to the emergency architecture. The construction of shelters with the aim of being transitional housing spaces in post-catastrophe situations has, by directives: the low construction cost, ease of transportation and assembly, and the setting of minimal conditions of survival to the affected population. The methodology we intend to use follows the steps (1) characterization of the emergency architectures on a universal level and pointing the standard demands of this kind of construction, by specific bibliographic review; (2) list the existing typologies of temporary shelters; (3) identification of origami characteristics and its transposition to architecture; (4) appreciation of case studies and identification of construction samples through bibliographical and documentary research; finally, (5) appointment of the challenges and potential of this process in order to contribute to the discussion of transitional shelters.
Keywords: emergency architecture, temporary shelters, origami, paper architecture