Authors: Tharsinithevy Kirupananthan and Benchaphun Ekasingh
The study found out the relationship between livelihood assets and economic security of rural poor households in Karaitivu Divisional Secretariat division in Ampara district Sri Lanka. The sample size was 100 households. Proportionate stratified random sampling was used to select those included in poverty scheme among 12 Grama Niladari divisions. Multiple regression model was used to find the relationship between the variables of economic security and livelihood assets. The study built two regression model. In one model household’s income earned was the dependent variable. In the another model food insufficiency score was the dependent variable. The independent variables were household head’s education, score for physical assets, money value of livelihood related equipment, total land in operation, kinship score, amount of debt, additive borrowing capacity and money value of livestock. The study found the factors: household head’s education, score for physical assets and additive borrowing capacity were significant positively at 5% Level in explaining the variation in log of income. While household head’s education, the score for physical assets and total land in operation explained the variation in Food insufficiency at 5% significant Level. The increase in education level and physical assets’ holding would significantly (P<0.05) increase economic security. Increase in additive borrowing capacity would significantly (P<0.05) increase income security. Increase in total land in operation significantly (P<0.05) increases food sufficiency. Kinship also significantly (p<0.1) determined food sufficiency of rural households.
Keywords: Economic security, Livelihood assets, Karaitivu D.S division