Authors: Teruhiko Yoneyama and Mukkai S. Krishnamoorthy
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919, also called Spanish Flu Pandemic, was one of the severest pandemics inhistory. It is thought that the First World War much influenced the spread of the pandemic. In this paper, we model the pandemic considering both civil and military traffic. We propose a hybrid model to determine how the pandemic spread through the world. Our approach considers both the SEIR-based model for local areas and the network model for global connection between countries. First, we reproduce the situation in 12 countries. Then, we simulate another scenario: there was nomilitary traffic during the pandemic, to determine the influence of the influenced of the war on the pandemic. By considering the simulation results, we find that the influence of the war varies incountries; in countries which were deeply involved in the war, the infections were much influenced by the war, while in countries which were not much engaged in the war, the infections were not influenced by the war.
Keywords: Simulation, Pandemic, Influenza, SEIR, SocialNetwork, Spanish Flu, International Traffic, Infectious Disease