Authors: Arwa Khalid Sabri and Khaled Galal Ahmed
Form-Based Code (FBC) is a sustainable planning tool that helps realize sustainable urban form and sustainable communities from different perspectives, including mixing land uses, diversifying housing types, achieving walkability and cycling as well as permitting community involvement in the decision-making of the design processes. Abu Dhabi Emirate, the capital of United Arab Emirates, lacks a FBC that could help achieve its sustainability-oriented 2030 vision and thus promotes its envisaged sustainable urban identity. This research aims at studying to what extent the present form-related standards and guidelines for developing Abu Dhabi new urban neighborhoods coincide with the main components and process of developing FBC as a universal practice. This was achieved through undertaking a comprehensive review of the local form-related standards and guidelines and then comparing them with FBC global practices. It has been found that the form-related standards and guidelines applied in Abu Dhabi are generally fragmented and lack some of the essential components of FBC applications. Regarding the process of developing form-related regulations for Abu Dhabi’s new urban neighborhoods, it has been found that the community involvement is fairly limited. Based on these results, the research has proposed some additions and modifications that ultimately aim at realizing a localized version of FBC for Abu Dhabi new urban neighborhoods.
Keywords: Abu Dhabi; Form-Based Code; Sustainability; neighborhoods