Site Waste Management Plans (SWMPs) were initially published by the UK government in 2004 as a voluntary code of practice but became mandatory Regulations in 2008 for construction projects costing more than £300000. The aim of SWMPs is to divert waste from landfill by increasing onsite reuse and recycling rates; and therefore improving construction projects’ material and resource efficiency. The onus is on the client or principal contractor to make sure the project meets SWMPs regulatory requirements through effective implementation and monitoring. The research adopted a triangulation research method to capture the top 100 UK contractors’ views on the limitations and missed opportunities of SWMPs implementation. The findings revealed that design phase had a significant impact on the waste produced in a construction project, yet designers are not legally responsible to comply with SWMPs Regulations. Furthermore, there was a consensus among participating contractors that by and large clients lack engagement with all aspects of SWMPs practice and commonly delegate all related legislative compliance issues to the main contractor.
Keywords: Construction Waste Management; Legislation; United Kingdom