Authors: MOSES EROMEDOGHENE UKPENUMEWU TEDHEKE
Security is a natural process of man’s relationship to his environment for his survival in the first instance. Man confronted nature to ake out his living which was man’s first survival instinct. When he began this process of dialectical relationship with his environment, he got to understanding it more, resulting in his security from the hazards of nature. If this process of his survival is breached then his security is threatened. Africans had mastered their environment before the demise of feudalism and the birth of nascent capitalism of primitive accumulation of capital. However, the birth of capital in mercantilism resulting in trans-Atlantic chattel slavery transformed Africans into junior partners in the international division of labour. This was the beginning of the Africa security crises. As capital changed in form from mercantile or trading capital, to capital of free competition and then monopoly capital of imperialism, Africa’s security crises intensified. The continent and its inhabitants in the entire process of the development of Euro-American and Japanese capital continued to be junior partners in the global capitalist division of labour. Paper independence in the 1960s did not make any difference, especially, with the nature of the dependent comprador/landed/rentier classes. Thus we see imperialism or globalisation of capital as threat to African security. Ordinarily, the contrary would have been the case if not for the demands of the inner logic of capital and its dictum of the “survival of the fittest”. Thus Africa has been trapped into the drudgeries of capitalist globalisation in its law of uneven-development. Unless the foregoing is addressed frontally and capital develops a human face which is impossible, the end to African development crisis is a mirage.
Keywords: Globalisation, Security, Primitive accumulation, Imperialism, Ideology