Authors: Prasad Yarlagadda, Javad Malekani, Beat Schmutz, Yuantong Gu and Michael Shuetz
This paper aims to review biomaterials used in manufacturing bone plates including advances in recent years and prospect in the future. It has found among all biomaterials, currently titanium and stainless steel alloys are the most common in production of bone plates. Other biomaterials such as Mg alloys, Ta alloys, SMAs, carbon fiber composites and bioceramics are potentially suitable for bone plates because of their advantages in biocompatibility, bioactivity and biodegradability. However, today either they are not used in bone plates or have limited applications in only some flexible small-size implants. This problem is mainly related to their poor mechanical properties. Additionally, production processes play an effective role. Therefore, in the future, further studies should be conducted to solve these problems and make them feasible for heavy-duty bone plates.
Keywords: Biomaterial; Orthopedic bone plate; fracture fixation; Biometals; Biocopmosites; Bioceramics; Inert; Bioactive; Biocompatible; Biodegradable