Authors: Jarwa Prasetya Sih Handoko
Ecological architecture is an architectural concept that emphasizes harmony between the built environment and the natural conditions in the vicinity. This alignment is necessary at this time, with the declining quality of environment marked by numerous environmental damage caused to the construction of both buildings and other facilities. This phenomenon must be addressed jointly by both architects, government and society. Construction of the facility either settlements or other functions must consider harmony with the natural conditions around the building. This is done to prevent the acceleration of environmental damage caused by the construction of buildings and other facilities. Flats is one form of urban settlements that are currently being developed by the government. Yogyakarta is one of the major cities in Indonesia with high population growth. This leads to increased demand for community housing. Addressing the needs of urban settlements is continuously carried out by the government of Yogyakarta. Therefore, it is necessary to have a study that evaluates the application of the concept of ecological architecture in building flats in the city of Yogyakarta. This study is a comparative study conducted descriptive methods associated with building design flats and application of the concept of ecological architecture in the design of flats. This study takes a case study of 3 (three) flats in Yogyakarta. With this paper is expected to provide a general description of the application of the concept of ecological architecture in the design of flats in Yogyakarta and find out what aspects of ecological architecture that has been applied to the design of flats. From this study it can be concluded that the flats in the city of Yogyakarta has been implementing the concept of ecological architecture in several aspects. This is influenced by site conditions, location and shape of the tread footprint. Recommendations from this study is that the design of the apartment buildings should be able to optimize the application of the concept of ecological architecture on all aspects of the design.
Keywords: Comparative Study, Architecture Ecology, Flats.