Authors: Arnaud Duhoux, Maude Charron, Marie Alderson, Mélanie Lavoie-‐Tremblay, Matthew Menear
Objective: Nurses are at elevated risk for workplace stress, psychological distress, burnout, depression and anxiety. Studies examining interventions to improve nurses’ mental health have been conducted largely in hospital, but it is currently unclear what interventions are most effective in primary care (PC). We aimed to systematically review the literature to assess the effectiveness of interventions designed to maintain or improve nurse’s mental health in PC. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO and Cinahl to find intervention studies published in English or French between 2000 and October 2015. The final research strategy combined four keywords: nurse, mental health, occupational health and intervention. Additional articles were also identified through a manual search. Interventions at the organisational level, the individual level or both levels are included. The outcomes considered include but are not limited to depression, anxiety, burnout, psychological distress, and absenteeism. Results: This review is in progress, 13 804 relevant articles were identified through the search strategy. After initial screening, 13 265 articles were excluded due to duplications or exclusion criteria. The final number of articles to be included will be known by the end of february 2016. No previous systematic literature review focused on effective interventions to improve or to maintain mental health for nurses working in a PC was found. Conclusion: The results of the review will be presented. The following points will be discussed 1) the implications for nursing practice in PC and 2) the implications for workplace improvement and 3) suggestions for future intervention studies.
Keywords: Mental Heath; Nurses; Primary care; Occupational health