Authors: Raquel Peel, Beryl Buckby and Kerry Anne McBain
Abstract: The current study, with a sample of 478 participants from Australia and Brazil, investigated cross-cultural perceptions of suicide and the impact of suicide stigma and religiosity on the recognition of suicide risk in others. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide was used to frame a mixed method between and within groups questionnaire based design. English and Portuguese versions of a survey were developed to assess perception of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, acquired capability for suicide, suicide stigma, religiosity, as well as demographic characteristics. A significant model was identified predicting recognition of suicide risk in Australia and Brazil. However, not all constructs contributed uniquely. Suicide stigma and religiosity were found to blind perception of suicide risk in others. Theoretical implications, as well as future directions for research are outlined.
Keywords: suicide; stigma; religion; culture