Authors: Farzana Aslam
Discourse on globalization has played a central role in the rise of populist politics that have occurred in the US, the UK, and across Europe. One of the common themes running through these political shifts is a ‘backlash against globalization’. 1 In this paper, I question the underlying assumptions framing current discourse by reference to two contrasting examples, namely the Investor State Dispute Settlements Regime, and the current migration crisis affecting Europe. I argue that the current ‘backlash against globalization’ is not a protest against the processes of globalization per se, but a protest against the failure of political leadership to adequately govern and regulate the processes of globalization in a socially responsible and sustainable manner. Conceptualizing the backlash against globalization in this way allows for policymaking to move away from isolationism and protectionism towards an approach that has global justice as a priority agenda.
Keywords: globalization; global justice; state sovereignty; investor state dispute settlement; migration