DOI: 10.5176/2251-2403_PSSIR17.3

Authors: Thandolwethu Nomarwayi, Professor Gavin Bradshaw, Dr. Ntsikelelo Breakfast

Abstract:

Since 2004, service delivery protests in South Africa have been underpinned by severe violence, vandalism and police brutality. This article investigates violence during service delivery protests in the post-apartheid regime by focusing in Walmer township, Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality (NMBM) from 2012 to 2015. This study has used frustration-aggression theory and resource mobilization theory to interpret and analyze violence during service delivery protests at local government level. Methodologically, this study has used a mixed methods approach to interpret and analyze both qualitative and quantitative data. The main findings of this study show that there is a strong relationship between violence and lack of service delivery. Moreover, Small Micro-Medium Enterprises (SMMEs) have influenced the escalation of violent protests in Walmer township because of material benefits and personal self-enrichment. At a policy level, this study recommends that public participation should be implemented to reduce violent protests at local government level. The following section focuses on the introduction of this study.

Keywords: violence, service delivery protests, frustrationaggression theory and resource mobilization theory.

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