DOI: 10.5176/2345-718X_1.1.19

Authors: Chandra Isabella Hostanida Purba and Rosalina Moni


Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most terrible health problems. Most of these patients choose to be placed on hemodialysis which can be debilitating and can threaten body image, finances, independency, and quality of life (QoL). Therefore it is important to conduct studies to identify the related factors of quality of life in patients with CKD undergoing dialysis to determine what strategies can be implemented to improve quality of life. This study was aimed to identify the relationship between patients’ characteristics and their quality of life. Method: Twenty-nine patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis were recruited from a Hospital in Kediri, East Java Indonesia. The patients’ quality was of life measured using WHO-QoL BREF which consisted of 26 questions including physical and psychological dimension, social, and environment dimension. Descriptive statistic was used to analyze patients’ characteristics data and level of patients QoL, while the relationship between both variable was analyzed by Chi Square. Results: Almost all patients were Muslim (96.55{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465}), mostly male (72.4{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465}), and more than half of patients were over 51 years old (51.72{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465}). Additionally, more than half of patients (58.62{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465}) had high QoL. However, there was no significant relationship between gender, religion, family relationship, and social activity with patient’s quality of life. There was significant relationship between age and educational state with quality of life. Conclusion: It was concluded that patients’ QoL in this area need an improvement. It also is extensively recommended to further conduct study with bigger sample and broader predisposing factor in order to identifying build strong evidence in improving patients QoL.

Keywords: hemodialysis, quality of life, chronic kidney disease

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