DOI: 10.5176/2301-394X_ACE17.147

Authors: Hassan Hassoon ALDelfi and Rasha Alkabbanie


Spreading sustainability awareness and reducing energy demand are important issues globally. In this paper, Erbil city which experienced recently an economic growth and urban development has been divided in six concentric residential rings. A face to face data acquired from the households for 72 questions. Informative results have been tabulated in charts and tables. The acquired results were reached to depict the energy usage, the recycling, monthly expenditures, transportations, food, electricity and water consumptions, heating sources, lighting and their responses to alternative energy usage. Different models for measuring sustainability have been adopted to measure the degree of sustainability in terms of CO2 emission, and carbon footprint for 12 residences. An overall measured carbon footprint for Erbil city is almost double the world average and of Iraq. On the other hand the CO2 emission is 8.99 compared with 4.99 of Iraq and 4.9 of the world. The contributions of items that led to this increase are categorized in pie charts. Those results can be used as guide lines for limiting the lifestyles in Erbil city. Conclusive remarks have been drawn accordingly to achieve sustainable guidelines to be implemented in future by the local authorities and planners.

Keywords: energy information; electricity; water; consumption; sustainability; residential houses; heating; transportation; food sources; life style; Cooling; ecology carbon; footprint; Carbon Dioxide.


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