Authors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Natascha Meuser
In this research, zoo architecture is mapped out in a systematic manner which has not been in evidence until now. On this basis, the development of this building category is firstly -examined by addressing theoretical, historical and typological aspects. It may be noted that large-scale constructions in -zoological gardens can be seen as an autonomous building typology which, in common with any other category, follows the societal trends and scientific findings of the respective -epoch. A selection of thirty historic buildings from the past 200 years helps to raise the profile of this architectural category. In addition, this research defines ten design parameters which may serve as a reference guide for the planning of zoo centres. The categories defined specifically within the framework of this research are set out in the concluding -analysis of each of ten contemporary largescale constructions for -elephants, primates and large cats. The results show that the methodology of the theoretical approach, historical architectural chronology and identification of building typologies followed by the elaboration of strategic planning recommendations is well-founded.
Keywords: Architecture, Zoology, Building Typology, Building History