Authors: Stephen Wee Hun Lim and Eldin Wee Chuan Lim
Abstract: An agent based model was applied for crowd dynamics simulation in this study. The computational domain consisted of a room without any obstacles and a single exit and the evacuation of 100 subjects from the room was simulated. The typical phenomenon of jamming that is typical of such systems was reproduced computationally with such an approach. The evacuation process was observed to consist of the formation of a human cluster around the exit of the room followed by departure of subjects one at a time that created a significant bottleneck for the entire process.
Keywords: Crowd dynamics; Discrete Element Method; jamming; simulation