DOI: 10.5176/2251-1814_EeL12.36

Authors: Ya-Ling Wu

Abstract: In Taiwan, the occupational achievement of indigenous people has been well below that of their non-indigenous counterparts. Studies have confirmed that the occupational aspirations of adolescents significantly influence their adult career choices and achievement. Therefore, this study tested the proposed theoretical model of occupational aspirations among Taiwanese Aboriginal adolescents by applying the developmental-contextual model of career development as its framework. It simultaneously examined the relationships among the distal contextual variable (social welfare resources), proximal contextual variables (parental occupational aspirations for the child, school support, and neighborhood cohesion), the individual-level variable (self-concept), and occupational aspirations in the proposed model. Data were collected from a questionnaire survey of 564 Taiwanese Aboriginal senior high school students and were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The findings supported the proposed research model which explained 62.6{6e6090cdd558c53a8bc18225ef4499fead9160abd3419ad4f137e902b483c465} of the variance in occupational aspirations. The study found that social welfare resources influenced parental occupational aspirations, school support, and neighborhood cohesion, which, in turn, directly and indirectly influenced occupational aspirations vis-Ă -vis their effects on self-concept, which, in turn, influenced occupational aspirations. Overall, the results confirmed that the proposed model based on the developmental-contextual model of career development was effective in explaining the development of occupational aspirations among Taiwanese Aboriginal adolescents.

Keywords: occupational aspirations, developmental-contextual model, Aboriginal adolescents, structural equation modeling, Taiwan

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