Authors: Dr. Kumar Neeraj Sachdev
Abstract—The understanding and reflection on good human life makes sense in every sphere of life but it calls for a special sense of duty and a set of obligations that assume a level of overriding character in the practice of a profession. It implies we humans happen to play many given or adopted roles but the role of a professional has to have an edge over other roles be that of a friend or a room-mate or a brother. The role of a professional entails a set of obligations to a society, the world, the whole mankind or the planet earth itself. And a professional fulfills her obligation(s) in a simple manner or after facing a conflict among obligations. In accord with this set of obligations the nature of virtue-theoretic approach in ethics and Professional Ethics may well be understood. The virtue-theoretic approach implies that the possibility of living a good human life is coextensive with possibility of a human being living a virtuous life. Professional Ethics is an attempt to think logically and reflectively on certain ethical issues, which emphasize the importance and status of obligations in the practice of a profession. And I argue in the paper that a professional can fulfill an obligation or resolve a conflict among obligations better if she follows the virtue-theoretic approach in the practice of her profession. This is so because the virtue-theoretic approach is a rational, holistic, and communitarian approach. Since Professional Ethics is a form of applied ethics, it makes sense to maintain that the issues of Professional Ethics assume their relevance and meaning in a context particularly when a professional is in a conflict. Accordingly, I make an attempt in the paper to examine the strength of virtue-theoretic approach in the conduct of a professional especially when she faces a moral conflict.
Keywords: Virtue-theoretic approach; Professional Ethics; Role and Obligations; Moral Conflict