DOI: 10.5176/2425-0112_UPPD18.115

Authors: Ayotunde Dawodu and Ali Cheshmehzangi

Abstract:This study develops and proposes a graphical method that illustrates how the bottom-up approach to urban development can be used to attain parity between the four dimensions of sustainability (economy, society, environment, institution) when executing urban development projects. This study argues for interlinkages within dimensions. This means that when executing a project, it is simply not enough to look at the environmental benefits or single dimensional benefits but other dimensions should be investigated simultaneously in order to optimize the sustainability success of a project. Based on the people-centered definition of sustainability by the Brundtland report, this study further argues that a people-centered approach to planning can facilitate the interlinkages between two or even three dimensions of sustainability, thereby improving the efficacy and success of implementation. The people-centered participation is the pillar of the development of this conceptual approach and by utilizing Arstein’s ladder analogy and Reed’s eight participatory best practices, the study demonstrates that effective participation interlinked with the four dimensions of sustainability is a viable approach to sustainable urban development in cities.

Keywords: component; Bottom-up; people; sustainability; urban development; dimension of sustainability


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